“We will come together again in Toronto this February 14th for the 9th year in a row. We stand together on this day to show our solidarity with the community of the downtown eastside in Vancouver where the Memorial March has been taking place for 23 years and because the violence is here too and inherent to settler colonialism,” Audrey Huntley of No More Silence shared with the Two Row Times.
In January, 1991, a woman was murdered on Powell Street in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. Her family wanted to share their love for their daughter on Valentine’s Day and thus the annual march began honouring women who have died violent and premature deaths. The family requests that her name not be spoken.
Indigenous women are five to seven times more likely than other women to die as the result of violence, according to Statistics Canada. Nonetheless, officers of the colonial state, including the police, have a track record of over-prosecuting and under-protecting indigenous women. In Canada, Onkwehon:we peoples make up 4% of the population, yet First Nations, Inuit and Metis women account for 32.6% of the inmates in the federal prison system.
To coincide with this year’s marches, No More Silence, Families of Sisters in Spirit and their community partners including The Native Youth Sexual Health Network having been working on the creation of a community run database documenting violent deaths of indigenous women, two-spirited, and trans.
Since last year’s ceremony, the mysterious and violent deaths of three indigenous women – Cheyenne Fox, Terra Gardner, and Bella Laboucan-McLean – have occurred within Toronto.
Between 2005-2010, the Native Women’s Association (NWAC) with the support of the federal government’s Status of Women Canada fund created the Sisters in Spirit project. This included a database with over 200 variables to record information related to missing and murdered indigenous women and girls in Canada. In 2010 the federal government decided to terminate funding to NWAC’s database project.
When the Sisters in Spirit database project funding was cut and the project terminated, 582 cases of missing and murdered indigenous women had been documented. Comparatively, in what is being described as a one of the most comprehensive fully public databases to date, Maryanne Pearce an Ottawa researcher, documents that 824 Inuit, Métis, or First Nations women have been murdered or gone missing in Canada since 1980. Pearce began this database as part of her doctoral dissertation at the University of Ottawa.
The information documented through the Sisters in Spirit project remains inaccessible to the families of missing and murdered women and the wider public, despite the 10-million dollars of public funds allotted to compile the data. Initiatives by the federal government announced remaining funds would be directed to the RCMP for another database on missing persons with no particular focus on women, let alone Indigenous women. As the documentation was never made public the information collected cannot be validated nor analyzed by an outside party.
In response to the violence that continues to affect indigenous women, their families and communities, No More Silence, Families of Sisters in Spirit and community partners including The Native Youth Sexual Health Network envision a database beyond the reach of settler institutions. The work of No More Silence and the database are to be part of building a larger movement not only against gendered colonial violence, but also for decolonization. This database is intended for the families of the missing and murdered and for communities to access, unlike NWAC’s exclusive database. No More Silence is a network of volunteers. They have started gathering information from nothing – with no funding and no data.
Since the research is led by and for Native women working with allies, it is not constrained by legal or academic definitions – the categories and understandings of the deaths and disappearances have been broadened – derived by rich process work with the families involved. The database documents the lives of women who have died violent and premature deaths, such as suicides and deaths not necessarily committed by one perpetrator, but have more to do with colonial violence in the context of a woman’s life. The database includes deaths and disappearances of Trans and Two-Spirit women, where information is often misconstrued or miscategorized by police databases and legal reports due to gender misrecognition constrained by heteropatriarchal norms. The documentation is not only about lives lost, but honor the lived memories of women who have passed on.
Despite awareness and efforts of grassroots work, done by networks like No More Silence and from the Annual Memorial Marches on February 14, about gender and race-based violence targeted at indigenous women, the violence continues. Perhaps this is not so surprising as the Canadian government increasingly pushes for resource extraction and development aggression on stolen lands and on unceded and treaty territories of First Nations. The degradation of the land often plays out on women’s bodies, as women are the life-bearers of future generations. There exists a direct relationship between rape and gender-based violence, racism, and colonialism, in which, violence against women becomes a tool of domination. Due to systemic violence inherent in Canadian nation-state policies and practices – such as the Indian Act and the Residential School System – themes of intergenerational trauma, loss of land, housing issues, loss of family members, family breakdown, loss of a sense of community are part of many of the stories collected by No More Silence.
Thus, the February 14 Memorial Marches and the work of Sisters in Spirit are about demonstrating that these lives matter. In Toronto the Strawberry Ceremony, which is a women’s ceremony, is held in front of the Police Headquarters to assert space and more importantly to assert sovereignty on traditional lands. For information about February 14 marches occurring in different communities visit: http://trti.me/llVWb