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Kahnawake opposed to ‘modern treaty’ between Ottawa and Algonquins

Kahnawake opposed to ‘modern treaty’ between Ottawa and Algonquins

The Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke sent letters to the Federal Minister of Indigenous Affairs Carolyn Bennet and to the Algonquins of Ontario strongly opposing a Land Agreement currently in the process of ratification by the Algonquins of Ontario. The Algonquins of Ontario are seeking to receive a transfer of $300 million in capital funding and

The Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke sent letters to the Federal Minister of Indigenous Affairs Carolyn Bennet and to the Algonquins of Ontario strongly opposing a Land Agreement currently in the process of ratification by the Algonquins of Ontario.

The Algonquins of Ontario are seeking to receive a transfer of $300 million in capital funding and 117,500 acres of Ontario Crown lands from Canada.

Of the ten nations that make up the Algonquins of Ontario only one has reserve lands. The proposed transfer would create a capital/land base for the remaining nine nations.

However opposition to the transfer has come from several other First Nations communities, who say this is a modern treaty launched by persons who some say may not even be indigenous people at all.

“There is no way this deal should go through,” said Grand Chief Joseph Tokwiro Norton. “The government cannot make a deal on lands of which portions belong to the Iroquois, and cannot make deals with an entity where the majority of parties involved in the negotiations are not the proper rights holders.”

A statement issued by the council said “This type of modern treaty effectively extinguishes aboriginal title and rights forever, thereby depriving future generations of their inherent rights. Therefore, it is essential that this type of an agreement be a fair and just settlement which respects First Nations’ histories and rights. The Agreement in Principle is strikingly asymmetrical with the Crown greatly benefiting from the extinguishment as well as the full and final settlement of past wrongs and is offering very little in return. This asymmetry is a concern for all First Nations as it sets a terrible precedent for future land claim settlements.”

Serious concerns about the Agreement include the issue of overlapping interests by the Algonquins of Ontario and the Mohawk Nation on the lands in question that have not been adequately addressed and resolved. Of further concern is the inclusion of illegitimate negotiation parties in the negotiations leading to the Agreement-in-Principle that is currently being voted on.

“We have been highly concerned over this deal while it has been in the works,” the Grand Chief continued. “We have met with their representatives, but to no avail. And, interestingly, even the Algonquin communities in Quebec have huge concerns over this deal. We are in firm and fundamental opposition to any deal that will extinguish – or will attempt to extinguish –rights in lands that overlap with Iroquois land. Further, we are strictly opposed to any agreement that is being negotiated by parties that are not the proper and true rights holders. In this case, aside from the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan, the remaining parties of the Algonquins of Ontario are illegitimately attempting to negotiate rights and title that do not rightfully belong to them.”

Nahnda Garlow

Nahnda Garlow

Nahnda Garlow, Onondaga under the wing of the Beaver Clan of Six Nations, is Outreach Editor for the Two Row Times. Her popular column, Scone Dogs and Seed Beads brings weekly thoughts on current day indigenous identity. Nahnda has been a journalist with the Two Row Times since it's founding in 2013. She studied Journalism, Human Rights and Indigenous Studies at Laurier University. She is a self-proclaimed "rez girl" who also brings to the Two Row Times years of experience as a Haudenosaunee cultural interpreter, traditional dancer and beadwork aficionado. Nahnda is a member of the Canadian Association of Journalists and the Native American Journalists Association.

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